COP26 Forestazione Nazioni Unite

COP26: la Dichiarazione sulle foreste e l’uso del suolo

Il primo giorno di COP26 il Primo Ministro britannico Boris Johnson ha annunciato che più do 110 paesi in rappresentanza dell’85% delle foreste del pianeta avevano firmato la Dichiarazione dei Leader di Glasgow sulle Foreste e l’Uso del Suolo, impegnandosi a fermare e invertire la deforestazione entro il 2030. “Proteggere la nostra foresta non è solo una linea d’azione per affrontare il cambiamento climatico, ma anche per un futuro più prospero”,

Attraverso la Dichiarazione, i leader promettono di rafforzare i loro sforzi condivisi per conservare le foreste e gli altri ecosistemi terrestri e accelerarne il ripristino, oltre a facilitare le politiche di sviluppo e commercio sostenibili, a livello internazionale e nazionale.

Il testo riconosce inoltre l’empowerment delle comunità locali, comprese le popolazioni indigene, che sono spesso colpite negativamente dallo sfruttamento e dal degrado delle foreste. La dichiarazione mira anche ad attuare e riprogettare politiche e programmi agricoli per ridurre la fame e favorire l’ambiente.

La finanza è anche fondamentale per l’impegno, in quanto i leader hanno promesso di facilitare l’allineamento dei flussi finanziari con gli obiettivi internazionali per invertire le perdite e il degrado delle foreste, garantendo al contempo politiche per accelerare la transizione verso un’economia più verde.

Nell’ultimo decennio, circa 40 volte più finanziamenti sono confluiti in pratiche distruttive di utilizzo del territorio piuttosto che nella protezione delle foreste, nella conservazione e nell’agricoltura sostenibile.

L’impegno firmato da più di 30 istituzioni finanziarie che coprono oltre 8,7 trilioni di dollari di attività globali in gestione cerca di cambiare le cose. Si propone di allontanarsi dagli investimenti in catene di approvvigionamento di materie prime agricole ad alto rischio di deforestazione e verso una produzione sostenibile.

Le foreste e l’uso del suolo raccontati da David Attenborough

02.11.2021

Glascow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use

We, the leaders of the countries identified below: 

Emphasise the critical and interdependent roles of forests of all types, biodiversity and sustainable land use in enabling the world to meet its sustainable development goals; to help achieve a balance between anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removal by sinks; to adapt to climate change; and to maintain other ecosystem services.  

Reaffirm our respective commitments, collective and individual, to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the Convention on Biological  Diversity, the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, the Sustainable Development Goals; and other relevant initiatives.  

Reaffirm our respective commitments to sustainable land use, and to the conservation, protection, sustainable management and restoration of forests, and other terrestrial  ecosystems. 

Recognise that to meet our land use, climate, biodiversity and sustainable development goals, both globally and nationally, will require transformative further action in the  interconnected areas of sustainable production and consumption; infrastructuredevelopment; trade; finance and investment; and support for smallholders, Indigenous Peoples, and local communities, who depend on forests for their livelihoods and have a key role in their stewardship. 

Highlight the areas of strong progress in recent years and the opportunities before us to accelerate action. 

We therefore commit to working collectively to halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030 while delivering sustainable development and promoting an inclusive rural transformation.  

We will strengthen our shared efforts to: 

1. Conserve forests and other terrestrial ecosystems and accelerate their restoration; 

2. Facilitate trade and development policies, internationally and domestically, that promote sustainable development, and sustainable commodity production and consumption, that work to countries’ mutual benefit, and that do not drive deforestation and land degradation;

3. Reduce vulnerability, build resilience and enhance rural livelihoods, including through empowering communities, the development of profitable, sustainable agriculture, and recognition of the multiple values of forests, while recognising the rights of Indigenous Peoples, as well as local communities, in accordance with relevant national legislation and international instruments, as appropriate;

4. Implement and, if necessary, redesign agricultural policies and programmes to incentivise sustainable agriculture, promote food security, and benefit the environment; 

5. Reaffirm international financial commitments and significantly increase finance and investment from a wide variety of public and private sources, while also improving its effectiveness and accessibility, to enable sustainable agriculture, sustainable forest management, forest conservation and restoration, and support for Indigenous Peoples and local communities; 

6. Facilitate the alignment of financial flows with international goals to reverse forest loss and degradation, while ensuring robust policies and systems are in place to accelerate the transition to an economy that is resilient and advances forest, sustainable land use, biodiversity and climate goals. 

We urge all leaders to join forces in a sustainable land use transition. This is essential to meeting the Paris Agreement goals, including reducing vulnerability to the impacts of  climate change and holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C, noting that the science shows further  acceleration of efforts is needed if we are to collectively keep 1.5°C within reach. Together we can succeed in fighting climate change, delivering resilient and inclusive growth, and  halting and reversing forest loss and land degradation.

  1. Albania
  2. Andorra
  3. Angola
  4. Argentina
  5. Armenia
  6. Australia
  7. Austria
  8. Belgium
  9. Belize 
  10. Bhutan
  11. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  12. Botswana
  13. Brazil
  14. Brunei Darussalam 
  15. Bulgaria
  16. Burkina Faso
  17. Cameroon
  18. Canada
  19. Central African Republic
  20. Chad
  21. Chile
  22. China
  23. Colombia
  24. Costa Rica
  25. Côte d’Ivoire
  26. Croatia
  27. Cyprus
  28. Czech Republic
  29. Denmark
  30. Dominican Republic
  31. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  32. Ecuador
  33. Estonia
  34. Eswatini
  35. European Commission on behalf of the European Union
  36. Fiji
  37. Finland
  38. France
  39. Gabon
  40. Georgia
  41. Germany
  42. Ghana
  43. Greece
  44. Grenada
  45. Guatemala
  46. Guinea Bissau
  47. Guyana
  48. Honduras
  49. Hungary
  50. Iceland 
  51. Indonesia
  52. Ireland
  53. Israel
  54. Italy
  55. Japan
  56. Kazakhstan
  57. Kenya
  58. Kyrgyzstan 
  59. Latvia
  60. Lebanon
  61. Liberia
  62. Liechtenstein 
  63. Lithuania
  64. Luxembourg
  65. Madagascar
  66. Malawi
  67. Mali
  68. Malta
  69. Mauritius 
  70. Mexico
  71. Moldova
  72. Monaco
  73. Mongolia
  74. Montenegro
  75. Morocco
  76. Mozambique
  77. Nepal
  78. Netherlands
  79. New Zealand
  80. Niger
  81. Nigeria
  82. North Macedonia
  83. Norway
  84. Pakistan
  85. Panama
  86. Papua New Guinea
  87. Peru
  88. Philippines
  89. Poland
  90. Portugal
  91. Republic of the Congo
  92. Romania
  93. Russia
  94. Saint Lucia
  95. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  96. Samoa
  97. San Marino
  98. Sao Tome and Principe
  99. Senegal
  100. Seychelles
  101. Sierra Leone 
  102. Slovakia
  103. Slovenia
  104. Somalia
  105. South Korea
  106. Spain
  107. Sri Lanka
  108. Suriname
  109. Sweden
  110. Switzerland
  111. Syria 
  112. Tanzania
  113. Togo
  114. Tonga
  115. Turkey
  116. Ukraine
  117. United Arab Emirates
  118. United Kingdom
  119. United States of America
  120. Uruguay
  121. Vanuatu
  122. Vietnam 
  123. Zambia 
  124. Zimbabwe

2 novembre 2021 (20.30)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Rispondi

%d blogger hanno fatto clic su Mi Piace per questo: